Teachers’ Reference Corner

Disclaimer: The Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba does not maintain or authorize the material on external links. These links are only offered for additional information on Treaties and related issues.

The Manitoba First Nations Education Resource Centre (MFNERC)

“…established in 1999, was given a mandate by the Chiefs of Manitoba to provide second and third level education services to fifty-five First Nations schools in Manitoba.”

1151 Sherwin Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3H 0V1
Instructional Resource Centre (on-line library): www.mfnerc.org

Wahbung our Tomorrows (1971)

Complete document (PDF)

The Manitoba Indian Cultural Education Centre-The People’s Library

“The Centre operates a unique Resource Library and Information Centre relating to the First Nation Peoples of Manitoba as well as other Indigenous Peoples of North America. Our resource centre has a substantial collection of books, publications, films, educational kits, audio-visual tapes, music, art and handicrafts inherent to the Aboriginal Peoples of North America. The Resource Library and Information Centre are instrumental in promoting library services to Bands that expressed an interest in establishing a library. We also provide specialized assistance to those who already have a library”.


Digital Resources on Manitoba History

Frontier School Division


Fontier School Division Social Studies/Native Studies Department

Early Canadiana On-line

“Early Canadiana Online (ECO) is a digital library providing access to 2,762,671 pages of Canada’s printed heritage. It features works published from the time of the first European settlers up to the early 20th Century. ECO is produced by Canadiana.org, a nonprofit organization for preserving and providing access to early Canadian publications, first on microfiche and now online”.

Canada in the Making
“This site is about the history of Canada through the words of the men and women who shaped the nation. Built around the Government Documents collection of the Early Canadiana Online collection, it integrates narrative text with links to primary source texts”.

Aboriginals: Treaty and Relations

Turtle Island

Turtle Island is an independent, Aboriginal-owned and operated news and information network.

Bloorstreet.com-Aboriginal Links (Canada and USA)

Aboriginal web portal, last updated in 1998, thus many links do not work, but has many useful topics to search on the internet.

First Nations Information Project

“This project is intended to provide a mechanism to share knowledge, interests, and effective practices connecting the Aboriginal community from around this expanse country and the world. Our vision is to create an on-line atmosphere connecting the Aboriginal community with each other and sharing the aboriginal experience with those who desire this experience.”

University of Toronto Libraries section on J.B Tyrrell’s expeditions in 1893 and 1894 for the Geological Survey of Canada in the Barren Lands Region

“This site documents two exploratory surveys of the Barren Lands region west of Hudson Bay, in northern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and the area now known as Nunavut. Drawing on materials from the J.B. Tyrrell, James Tyrrell and related collections at the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto, it includes over 5,000 images from original field notebooks, correspondence, photographs, maps and published reports”.

Our Roots: Canada’s History Online

“Our Roots is a library, archive, museum and school all in one. Check the collection to find Canadian local histories in French and English. Check Educational Resources for learning packages for students and teachers.”

People and Land in Northern Manitoba: 1990 Conference at the University of Manitoba

Eds. Lithman, Weist, Riewe and Wrigley

University of Alberta: Faculty of Native Studies

Home web page: www.ualberta.ca/NATIVESTUDIES/
Native Studies publications from the University of Alberta: www.ualberta.ca/NATIVESTUDIES/research.htm

D’Arcy Rheault – Anishinaabe Mino-Bimaadiziwin (The Way of a Good Life): An Examination of Anishinaabe Philosophy Concerning Knowledge, Identity and Ethics

E-book-copyright 1998-2005 by D’Arcy Rheault

IPortal (Indigenous Studies Portal) from the University of Saskatchewan

“The Indigenous Studies Portal (IPortal) connects faculty, students, researchers and members of the community with electronic resources: books, articles, theses, documents, photographs, archival resources, maps, etc. The vision of the Indigenous Studies Portal is to provide one place to look to find resources for Indigenous studies. This Indigenous Studies Portal is being developed by the University of Saskatchewan Library. The IPortal also links to Indigenous programs and events at the University of Saskatchewan. It offers specialized tools for teaching and scholarship.”

Academic Info: Canadian History-Digital Library

Directory of Online Canadian History Publications, Journals, Databases, & Exhibits

University of Calgary-Canada’s First Nations

“This multimedia tutorial focuses on the histories of Canada’s First Nations peoples from ancient times to the nineteenth century. Finally, this module looks at the reasons the First Nations and the Government of Canada negotiated and signed treaties, the terms of these treaties, and how all parties reacted to them.”

Four Directions Teachings

“Four Directions Teachings celebrates Indigenous oral traditions by honoring the process of listening with intent as each elder or traditional teacher shares a teaching from their perspective on the richness and value of cultural traditions from their nation.”

This interactive website has Cree and Ojibwa teachings

Native American Tribes of Manitoba

This website also connects to information about First Nation languages, culture and selected links on Native American Indian Tribes.

University of British Columbia (UBC) library-First Nations Maps

This website has various links on First Nation mapping and also has information on First Nations treaties and population.

Canadian First Nations Treaty Map Index

This website has information on treaties in Canada and other related material. There are many links to other websites with various information concerning treaties, also there is a maps menu and main menu on the bottom of the page that lead to other websites concerning First Nations issues.

First People: American Indians: First People of America and Canada-Turtle Island

“First People is a child-friendly site about American and Canadian Indians. 1400+ legends, 400+ agreements and treaties, 10,000+ pictures, free clipart, Pueblo pottery, American Indian jewelry, books and more.”

Canadian Encyclopedia Online (search under “Native Peoples”)

“The Canadian Encyclopedia comprises the complete text and multimedia of the indispensable reference work originally published in 1985. Since the encyclopedia appeared online in 2001, it has been continuously updated and expanded. James H. Marsh has been editor in chief of The Canadian Encyclopedia since 1980.”

Government of Saskatchewan

Treaty education (K-12) website by the Government of Saskatchewan.

Kinikinik: A Treaty Play by Ian Ross


First Nations Treaties Day at the Manitoba Legislature


First Nations’ Traditional Names Community Map (MFNERC)


CIRNAC Treaty Guides

“These Treaty Guides provide a brief, easy to understand summary of each Treaty along with available additional resources, including historical interpretations, transcripts, printer-friendly maps and photographs of the people who participated in the development or signing of these historical treaties. In addition, text from treaties as far back as the mid 1700’s to the early 1900’s is formatted and clearly typed for easy reading and printing.”

Transactions of the Manitoba Historical Society

“MHS Transactions were originally published by the Manitoba Historical Society on the above date. We make online versions available as a free, public service. As an historical document, Transactions may contain language that is no longer in common use and which may offend some readers. They should not be construed to represent the views of today’s Manitoba Historical Society.”