Treaties after Confederation

Between 1871 and 1921, the Crown entered into Treaties with various First Nations that enabled the Canadian government to actively pursue agriculture, settlement, transportation links and resource development of the Canadian West and the North. Because they were numbered 1 to 11, these Treaties were often referred to as the ‘Numbered Treaties’ and covered northern Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta,  northeastern British Columbia, and the Northwest Territories. In addition, in 1923 the Williams Treaties were entered into.