First Nation Treaty Making

For the Crown, the Royal Proclamation provided legal principles for Treaty-making between the Crown and First Nations. However, First Nations had their own process of Treaty-making that had existed for thousands of years. Although, the ceremony and the items used within the First Nations’ Treaty-making process may differ from culture to culture it followed the general format of: introductions, gift-giving, time spent getting to know each other, negotiations and the formalization of the Treaty through a pipe ceremony. After the pipe ceremony, the Treaty would then be seen as a tri-party agreement between the two parties and the Creator.