Research Reports

The TRCM research strategy was developed in 2006 to meet the independent research mandate of the TRCM. Five priority areas were identified and twelve projects were proposed:

Livelihood

Livelihood I: Conceptions, Intent, and Context (documentary records)

  • The Manitoba Treaties and the Right to Livelihood
    Dr. Carl Beal (90 pages)
  • The Manitoba Treaties and the Right to Livelihood II
    Dr. Carl Beal (123 pages with appendices)

Livelihood II: Conceptions, Intent, and Context (oral accounts)

Treaty Right to Agriculture

  • The Manitoba Treaties and the Adoption of Agriculture
    Dr. Carl Beal (121 pages with appendices)
  • Report on First Nations Agricultural Activities from Earliest Times to the Numbered Treaties
    Dr. Sarah Carter and Erick Strikwerda (177 pages)

Historical Atlas of First Nations in Manitoba

  • Resources Report for the  Historical Atlas of First Nations in Manitoba
    Joel Edye-Rowntree (64 pages with appendices)

Crown-First Nations Treaty Relations

The Manitoba Treaties Oral History Project

  • Untuwe Pi Kin He (Who We Are): Treaty Elders’ Teachings Volume I
    Doris Pratt and Harry Bone and the Treaty and Dakota Elders of Manitoba with Contributions by the AMC Council of Elders (160 pages with appendices)
  • Ka’esi Wahkotumahk Aski (Our Relations With The Land): Treaty Elders’ Teachings Volume II
    D’Arcy Linklater and Harry Bone and the Treaty and Dakota Elders of Manitoba with Contributions by the AMC Council of Elders (160 pages with appendices) [note: at the publication stage]
  • Dtantu Balai Betl Nahidei (Our Relations to the Newcomers): Treaty Elders Teachings Volume III
    Harry Bone and the Treaty and Dakota Elders of Manitoba with Contributions by the AMC Council of Elders (130 pages with appendices) [note: at the Elders peer review stage]
  • Gakina Gidagwi’igoomin Anishinaabewiyang (We Are All Treaty People): Treaty Elders Teachings Volume IV
    Wayne Scott and Harry Bone and the Treaty and Dakota Elders of Manitoba with Contributions by the AMC Council of Elders (130 pages with appendices) [note: at the Elders peer review stage]

The Treaty Relationship I: Nature and Scope (documentary records)

  • “Treaty [One] is binding alike upon the Government – and upon the Indians”: The Numbered Treaties of Manitoba, 1871-1096
    Sheldon Krasowski (50 pages with appendices)

The Treaty Relationship II: Nature and Scope (oral accounts)

The Dakota Oyate experience

  • Oral Histories from the Manitoba Dakota Elders
    Roxann Barker (35 pages)

Treaty Provision, Implementation and Interpretation

Treaty Provisions: Oral and Written Accounts
Socio-economic foundations and the Treaty Relationship

Manitoba First Nations Traditional Knowledge and Practices

Traditional Approaches to Treaty Making

Treaty Research: Methodological Issues

Treaty Research Methodologies: Review and Analysis


From these 12 proposed projects 6 reports have been generated and 7 publications will be released. Additional research in the other priority areas and subsequent projects will be developed. The research reports are available for review in our Library.